Tractor Seat Plant Grows: Maintenance guide for Leopard Plant

Farfugium japonicum

Tractor Seat Plant: The Easy-to-Grow Houseplant That’s Perfect for Beginners.

Farfugium japonicum, also called “tractor seat plant” or “leopard plant,” is a perennial houseplant native to Asian countries, mainly Japan, Korea, and Taiwan. They are in the same family as asters (Asteraceae), also called Ligularia or Farfugium.

The leopard plant gets its name from the fuzzy yellow spots on its leaves. This article explores the origin, cultivation, propagation, care requirements, and various aspects of Leopard plants.

Farfugium japonicum Argenteum


●     Common name: Farfugium japonicum var. giganteum

●     Origin: Farfugium japonicum “Tractor Seat” pays tribute to its homeland on Japan’s coasts and streams, where it is called Tsuwabuki.

●     Height and Width: The leaves can reach up to 45 cm in diameter, and the flowers can grow up to 1.5 m tall on long stems.

●     Propagation methods: It can be propagated from seeds or by dividing.

●     Water requirement: Tractor seat prefers frequent watering and consistently moist soil to prevent root rot.

●     Soil requirement: A Leopard plant requires well-draining sandy or loamy soil for the best growth.

●     Tolerance: It can tolerate bright, indirect light and a range of humidity levels. It thrives in bright, indirect light; however, full sun protection is advised in the daytime.

●     Toxicity: Toxic to humans and animals if eaten.

Tractor Seat Plant Profile.

These plants are also known as Ligularia dentata reniformis; they are admired for their large, shiny, kidney-shaped or tractor-shaped leaves and can grow up to 45 cm wide. The large leaves are evergreen and sometimes have spots or stripes of white or yellow. The number of spots changes depending on how much light comes in. The small, yellow flowers resemble daisies and grow in groups on tall stems in late summer or fall.

Farfugium japonicum - Aureo-maculata

The plant needs little sunlight, so people like growing Tractor Seat plants outdoors that are a bit shady and indoors. They can give your yard or porch a tropical feel or make a strong statement in your living room or office. They also draw butterflies and bees, but deer don’t like them. 

Keeping these plants away from children and pets is crucial to maintain safety, as ingestion can cause illness. While once trendy, this plant has become less prevalent in recent times. It can thrive in either a pot or flower bed, provided it receives adequate shade throughout the day. It can be exposed to the soft morning sun or gentle late afternoon sun.

Tractor Seat Plant Care Tips.

Many people are curious about the adequate care for tractor seat plants, but the plant does not require extra care to bloom. Tractor seat plants are easy to care for and bloom when given the correct circumstances following some basic guidelines. Keeping a tractor seat plant healthy is dependent on many factors, the most important of which are:

Soil Requirement

For the best growth of the tractor seat plant, you should cultivate it in soil that is slightly acidic to neutral or loamy. For optimal plant growth, the soil must meet specific requirements. To optimize the growth of your plants, it is essential to provide them with well-balanced soil, adequately drained, and pH between 5.6 and 7.5. If the soil does not meet these criteria, your plants may struggle to thrive.

To ensure optimal growth, it is essential to enrich the soil with organic matter, such as compost, before planting. For those growing plants in containers, using a premium potting mix that includes peat moss, perlite, and vermiculite is highly recommended. Remember, the soil quality is vital – your plants deserve the best!

The pot you use should also have good drainage. The Leopard plant likes to be in a pot where it can feel contained and supported. A bigger container will only cause the excess soil to take a long time to dry out, and this excess moisture can lead to diseases or rot.

Maintain the soil’s health by adding organic matter every month throughout the year’s warmer months. To maintain our plant’s continued health throughout the year, we should amend the soil with sand or perlite at the end of the season, if required. Don’t forget to wait until the soil is dry before watering again in the winter.

Light Requirement

Tractor seat plants need either partial shade or bright indirect light to thrive. Leopard plant tolerates mild to medium sun quite well. The plant’s signature yellow dots result from natural variegations that flourish in the presence of bright light. 

It is especially vital during the winter when shorter days and less light make it more challenging to get things done. Even with its love for bright sunlight, you must avoid direct sun exposure, especially in the afternoon. Direct sun exposure can scorch the leaves and cause them to lose color and shape.

Tractor Seat Plant

Water Requirement

Try to keep the soil of your tractor seat plant wet with consistent watering but not waterlogged. You can test the soil’s wetness by sticking your finger to the second knuckle. If the soil in the pot seems dry, give the plant a good soaking to stop any attempt to wilt. 

Spraying the leaves is another way to prevent leaf tip burn. They do better when given a slight misting of water every two to three days to keep the leaves from drying out.

Regarding irrigation, the plant will be actively growing and developing throughout the temperate months. Its foliage blooms from late summer to early autumn. Maintain a constant, damp, but not drenching, humidity level on the soil throughout these months.

Refraining from watering the plant during its winter dormancy until the substrate has completely dried is advisable. Overwatering may result in damage to the plant.

Fertilizer Requirement

A liquid fertilizer balanced and diluted to half strength applied once monthly throughout the growth season is recommended for the tractor seat plant. It is generally advisable to avoid fertilizing plants during winter dormancy as this may not yield the desired results.

However, it is recommended to wait until the onset of spring and use a slow-release fertilizer that can provide a steady supply of nutrients throughout the growing season. This approach can help the plants receive the required nutrients for their growth and development in a more regulated and efficient manner.


The only trimming a tractor seat plant needs is eliminating dead or broken leaves or blossoms to stay neat and healthy. The plant may be divided every few years in the spring if it becomes too congested or if you want to spread it around.

Temperature Requirement

Tractor seat plants prefer a broad temperature range, from around 5°C to 35°C. However, it thrives best in temperatures between 15°C and 25°C, which aligns with its native range. The leopard plant is hardy to frost, so it may shed some leaves or become dormant during the colder months.

When the temperature goes below 10°C, you may bring your containerized plant indoors or to a protected area. You can also use frost cloth or mulch to shield it from the cold.

Humidity Requirement

The leopard plant thrives in environments with high humidity, which prevents its leaves from drying up and becoming brown. Misting the leaves, putting a tray of water or stones beneath the pot, grouping the plant with others, or using a humidifier are all great ways to boost the humidity surrounding your leopard plant. 

However, it would be best to remember that root rot and fungal infections may be caused by overwatering or moist soil. You should also provide enough ventilation to avoid problems with mildew or insects. Also, the air is essential for the development of this plant as it likes to get at least a bit of fresh air every day. 

Farfugium japonicum - Ligularia tussilaginea

Leaving the plant outside throughout the year is the best for its growth if the weather allows it. Suppose one resides in an area that is subject to inclement weather. Positioning your plant near a window that enables ample light and ventilation to permeate is advisable. This will ensure the plant receives sufficient care for most of the year.

Furthermore, it may be beneficial to relocate the plant outside during the warmer seasons to provide it with even more favorable conditions. It’s essential to keep the plant away from too chilly water and breezy winds as it can’t tolerate such conditions.

Propagating Tractor Seat Plant.

Producing new Tractor Seat Plants from existing plants is known as propagation. Plant propagation is a helpful technique for expanding a garden, maintaining genetic diversity, and developing novel cultivars. There are two primary ways to propagate the tractor seat plant: seeds and division. Here are the measures to take for each approach:


When the blooms have faded in the late summer or fall, the tractor seat plant produces seeds. The seed pods can be harvested in the fall and stored in a cool and dry place until spring. Also, many garden centers and internet stores sell seeds.

To sow the seeds:

  1. Fill a seed tray or container with a damp seed-starting mix and spread the seeds out in a single layer over the surface.
  2. Try to cover the seeds with a thin layer of additional mix and spray with water.
  3. Put the container or tray somewhere warm and bright but not in direct sunlight. Maintaining a consistent moisture level in the soil during the four weeks before seed germination is essential. However, it is equally essential to avoid oversaturation that can lead to waterlogging. This balanced approach is critical to ensure optimal growth conditions for your seeds.
  4. Once the seedlings have two or three true leaves, you can transplant them into individual pots with potting soil. If you want to prepare them for the garden or bigger pots, grow them in a sunny or slightly shady place.
  5. Keep them in a greenhouse throughout the first winter, and then plant them outdoors when the danger of frost has gone in late spring or early summer.


You can also propagate the leopard plant by splitting its root ball and stem clusters in the spring or early summer. This strategy is more efficient than planting seeds and may be used to revive tired or overloaded plants quickly and easily.

Dig the whole cluster up with a spade or fork, then shake off the excess soil to separate the plants. Separate the clump into smaller portions, each containing at least one stem and a root ball, using a knife or your bare hands. Those pieces that are dead or infected should be thrown away.

Replant the divisions in prepared holes or pots with rich, moist, well-drained soil. So that they can retain moisture and remain weed-free, water them well and cover them with a layer of mulch. Make sure they get some shade or partial sunlight as they get started.

Farfugium japonicum - Tractor Seat Plant

Repotting a Tractor Seat Plant.

You may need to repair a leopard plant every few years if your plant outgrows its current container or if the soil becomes compacted or depleted. With new soil, more space, and improved drainage, your plant will flourish after being repotted. To report your tractor seat plant, select a new pot at least twice as big as the previous one and ensure it has drainage holes at the bottom.

Whether you choose plastic, ceramic, or terracotta for the container is up to you and your budget. Remember to carefully wash and disinfect the pot before using it. Make potting soil fertile, humus-rich, aerated, and slightly acidic to neutral pH, as described in the soil requirement. The soil level should be about 2 cm below the pot’s rim. Then, carefully move the plant like you are propagating it by division.

Water the plant so well that it begins to leak water through the drainage holes on the bottom of the pot. To avoid leaf tip burn, spritz the leaves with water to enhance humidity. Until the plant is well-established, it should have a part shade, like being under the trees or close to the window. The leaves may be scorched if exposed directly to the sun, particularly in the afternoon.

After repotting:

  1. Continue watering and fertilizing as usual.
  2. Maintain a consistent moisture level in the soil by watering your plant frequently.
  3. Once a month throughout the growth season, use a balanced liquid fertilizer diluted to half strength to feed your plant.

Farfugium japonicum - Garden

Tractor Seat Plant Pests and Problems.

As you can see, a Tractor seat plant is often simple to cultivate and maintain. However, it may experience several pests and problems that might harm its health and appearance. Here are some of the most common tractor seat plant pests and problems, as well as how to deal with them:

●     Slugs and Snails: The leaves of the tractor seat plant are a favorite feast for slugs and snails, who leave behind holes, trails, and droppings as they munch. These creatures are mainly active at night or in wet conditions, so ensure to get your plant indoors at night and away from damp places. You can control slugs and snails using bait, traps, barriers, or even natural predators such as birds or frogs. Hand-picking these critters from the plant is also a way to tackle them.

●     Aphids: Aphids are small, soft-bodied insects that feed on the sap of tractor seat plants, causing their stems and leaves to curl, sag, and eventually become bright yellow. They can also release honeydew, which may attract insects and lead to the spread of fungi. You can control aphids by spraying them with water, insecticidal soap, or neem oil, which ultimately helps eliminate them. You might also release ladybugs or lacewings, which are predatory insects that feast on aphids.

●     Leaf Spot: Brown or black dots with yellow margins result from leaf spot, a fungal disease that affects the tractor seat plant. It’s possible that the spots will merge and make the leaves fall. Leaf spot is more prone to form under humid or damp situations. Leaf spots can be prevented or treated by increasing ventilation and drainage surrounding the plant. It would help if you also tried to remove infected leaves and debris and spray the whole area with a fungicide.

●     Root Rot: Another fungal disease that may affect tractor seat plants is “root rot,” which manifests as brown or black discoloration of the roots. Root rot may be brought on by anaerobic conditions, which can arise due to overwatering or poor drainage.

When a plant’s roots rot, it might wilt and eventually die. To avoid or treat root rot, it is recommended to reduce the frequency and amount of watering, improve soil drainage and ventilation using compost or organic matter, and transplant the healthy areas of the plant into fresh soil.

Landscaping with Tractor Seat Plant.

Tractor seat plant landscaping is an excellent option for those who want to inject some tropical flavor and make a strong statement in their yard or patio. The versatility of the tractor seat plant makes it a great addition to any garden. Some suggestions for using the tractor seat plant in landscaping:

●     Use it as a focal point or a specimen plant: Large, glossy foliage and bright yellow blooms give the tractor seat plant an eye-catching appearance. You can plant it in a large pot or a raised bed and place it in a prominent spot in your garden or patio, where it can catch the eye and attract attention.

●     Use it as a border or an edging plant: You may also use a tractor seat plant to demarcate your yard or patio space to separate different areas or zones. You can plant it along a walkway, fence, wall, or pond, where it can create a contrast and a transition with its foliage and flowers.

●     Use it as a ground cover or an underplanting plant: You can use a tractor seat plant to cover up vast amounts of dirt or fill empty spaces between shrubs and trees. Plant it behind trees, bushes, or other taller plants to keep the soil cool and the roots wet and discourage weeds.

●     Use it as a companion or a contrast plant: The tractor seat plant is a versatile addition to any garden or patio because of its ability to either blend in or stand out. You can pair it with other plants of the same or contrasting color, shape, size, or texture. For example, you can pair it with ferns, hostas, caladiums, coleus, begonias, impatiens, or hibiscus for a tropical theme or with grasses, sedges, asters, echinacea, rudbeckia, or salvia for a naturalistic theme.

Farfugium japonicum Giganteum

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What Climate Does the Tractor Seat Plant Like?

The tractor seat plant thrives in temperate and humid climates, much like those found in its natural environment in Japan, Korea, and Taiwan. They are known as shade plants because they prefer bright indirect light or partial shade and rich, moist, and well-drained soil. It can withstand temperatures ranging from 5°C to 35°C.

Is the Tractor Seat Plant Deer Resistant?

Yes, the tractor seat plant is deer-resistant. Since this plant is either unappealing or harmful to deer, they generally avoid eating it and causing any damage. Nonetheless, deer may still taste or sniff the plant if hungry or interested.

What Are the Yellow Spots on a Ligularia?

The yellow spots of Ligularia are an inherent feature of the leaf’s design. You may find tractor seat plants and leopard plants within the ligularia family. The presence of yellow or white variegation or spots on the leaves of certain species enhances the decorative value of Ligularia plants. No insect or disease is to blame for the spots; they are only a genetic quirk that adds to the plant’s charm.

Do You Cut Back Tractor Seat Plants?

You only need to cut back the plant to remove dead or broken leaves or flowers. Tractor seat plants can withstand winter in moderate regions or dormancy in colder areas. It will sprout fresh leaves and blossoms in spring. If they become root-bound or overloaded in containers, you may need to repot them every few years. You may split them in spring to propagate or revitalize them.

What Is the Toxicity of Leopard Plant?

The tractor seat plant is toxic if ingested by humans or animals. The pyrrolizidine alkaloids it contains have the potential to induce liver damage, gastrointestinal distress, and skin irritation. Poisoning symptoms may include those listed above, as well as stomach pain, jaundice, and a rash.


Farfugium japonicum are indoor plants that serve as beautiful ornamental plants for your garden. We have learned how to grow and care for tractor seat plants, also known as leopard plants or Ligularia. It is easy to grow if you provide it with rich, moist, well-drained soil, partial shade or bright indirect light, regular watering and fertilizing, and occasional pruning or dividing. It thrives best when grown outside in shade gardens or indoors as long as you maintain all its requirements.

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