The Complete Guide to Narcissus Flowers from Daffodils and Jonquils

A narcissus flower is a beautiful spring bloom. These bright and colorful flowers have a long history of beauty and symbolism. According to Greek mythology, the ancient Greeks saw this plant as a symbol of beauty and purity. In addition, they were often seen in churches as an Easter symbol in the Middle Ages, reminding Christians of Christ’s resurrection. Today, the common narcissus is also seen to symbolize friendship, beauty, love, and fertility.

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All About Narcissus Flowers.

Narcissus is a genus of about 150 species of herbaceous bulbous plants in the Amaryllidaceae family. The plants are native to Europe, North Africa, and Asia. They are among the most popular spring-flowering bulbs and are known for their large, brightly colored flowers. The flowers come in a variety of colors, including yellow, white, orange, and pink.

One of the most popular types of narcissus is the daffodil. Daffodils are hybrid plants developed from a species native to the Mediterranean region. They are typically large plants that grow 18 to 24 inches tall and produce large, trumpet-shaped flowers. Daffodils are the national flower of Wales and are commonly found in gardens and parks throughout the United Kingdom. They are also popular in North America, where they are grown in gardens and used as cut flowers.

Another popular type of narcissus is the jonquil. Jonquils are a hybrid of two different narcissus species and were first developed in the early 18th century. They are smaller plants that typically grow 8 to 12 inches tall and produce small, fragrant flowers.


Selecting and Preparing a Planting Location.

Choose a location that receives at the very least full or partial sunlight. They’ll blossom at their finest if you can offer your daffodils enough early spring sunshine.

Even though most narcissi tolerate a wide range of soils, they perform best in reasonably fertile, well-drained soil kept moist throughout the growing season. They are susceptible to decay if stored in a moist environment, so make sure you put them in a well-draining location.

Several popular species like neutral to acidic soils, but some prefer slightly alkaline soils; check with your bulb provider to determine which is best for your particular daffodil type.

Over time, the daffodil bulb you planted will develop new “daughter” bulbs linked to the main bulb. This results in lovely small bunches of daffodils that remain reasonably restricted to the area where they were planted.


Daffodil Planting Instructions

Choose daffodil bulbs of excellent quality that have not been dried out before planting them. The greater the size of the bulb, the better.

Ideally, the bulb should be planted 2 to 3 times deep, starting with the top or pointy end. Daffodils will withstand some crowding, but they prefer to be spaced approximately 3 to 6 inches apart to bloom at their optimum.

It may be beneficial to spray a small amount of bulb fertilizer into the hole before planting. 

If you live in an area where the winters are harsh, make sure at least 3 inches of dirt cover the bulb. Refrain from removing spring-flowering plants such as daffodils and tulips from their winter hiding places. Although you can loosen the mulch, the sprouts will still benefit from protection from the cold, drying winds that will blow in the early spring.

Daffodils contain a chemical known as oxalic acid, which is unpleasant to most rodent pests because of its acidic nature. For those of you whose plants are troubled, consider inserting sharp bits of shells or a pelleted rodent deterrent into and around each planting hole to deter the pests.


Light & Temperature

The Narcissus flowers grow only under warm conditions, at temperatures between 15 and 30 degrees Celsius. They are easy to cultivate, and a temperature of 10 to 20 degrees Celsius is sufficient for germination and flowering. In winter, the temperatures falling below 0 degrees for prolonged periods will hurt the plant. A warm temperature promotes growth and blooming. It is a perennial plant that can live for many years if kept adequately watered and nourished.

Water and Humidity

If you have this plant in your home, you’ll want to make sure it receives enough water, humidity, and sunlight. It needs to be given the proper amount of sunlight and warmth to thrive. These two things will help the roots grow deeper into the soil, and the leaves grow larger. If not given the proper amount of sunlight, rain, or humidity, it is very easy for the narcissus plant to wilt. So, ensure that you keep the plant near a window for your indoor plants. Also, don’t forget to water your plant at least once a week, but even better if you can get to it every two days.


Soil and Fertilizer

Soil is very important in growing plants. It is the medium where the plant grows and receives the nutrients needed for its growth. If you add too much fertilizer to the soil, you will end up with unhealthy and weak plants as the nutrients will build up and will not be taken by the shrub. On the other hand, using natural fertilizer gives the soil more nutrients. If you use compost and animal manure, you will have healthier shrubs; the soil will be richer, and the plants will be healthy. If you choose to use fertilizers, ensure that you limit their usage. Add too much fertilizer, and the soil will become too rich, and the plants will have a problem growing.


Narcissus can be propagated in two ways: sexually and asexually. Here are a few examples of sexual reproduction. This plant can be sexually propagated via seed; sexual propagation is relatively straightforward; seeds are obtained and then put in sheltered settings, such as a greenhouse, and then, once bulbs have formed, they are planted in pots or on the ground. However, because the process from planting a seed to blossoming from a bulb is so time-consuming, gardeners rarely employ this method for propagation.


Asexual propagation is a type of reproduction that occurs without sexual reproduction. By using offsets, stem bulblets, and the division of basal sections, you can increase the number of shrubs in your garden.

On the other hand, offsets are bulbs that have been generated from bulblets, which are tiny bulbs that have developed on the scales and stems of the parent bulb. Offsets can be cut from the parent bulb and planted in moist, somewhat acidic soil in the fall of the year. Within a few years, the blossoms from these bulbs should appear.

Known as stem bulblets, daffodil bulblets are underground bulbils that develop on the shrub’s stem. These bulblets can be cut or peeled off and planted in the same way that the offsets are.

narcissus offshoots

In nature, the Narcissus plant reproduces by producing many tiny seeds. After a seed is planted in the ground, it grows into a stem, sending out roots to anchor itself into the earth. These roots grow and expand outward, reaching out to any soil nearby. But, they don’t reach very far. They only reach about 2-5 feet away from the parent plant. At this point, new plants are produced through the growth of the roots.


After you buy a new shrub, you will need to repot it. Repotting takes a plant out of its current pot and replaces it with a new one. Your goal in repotting is to provide enough space for the shrub to grow roots and new shoots. This is important because it allows the plant to grow and develop more quickly.

To repot your shrub, first, you need to remove the old pot. Then, using a sharp knife, cut the drainage holes in the bottom of the pot. Next, carefully remove the plant. Now, we will add some new soil to your new pot. Start by mixing up a small amount of your existing soil with your new soil. Next, mix and spread the soil mixture evenly in the new pot. The new soil and pot should be three times as deep as the original pot.

Narcissus Flowers

Now, plant your daffodil back into the soil and then entirely cover the roots of the top of the soil. Finally, water; You’ll notice your daffodils sprout new leaves within a few weeks of repotting.


The leaves of your narcissus should not be removed until they have turned brown and wilting. The length of time it takes for the leaves to die back is determined by bulb type, weather, and other factors. Narcissus often lose their foliage four to six weeks after flowering. The foliage of narcissus and other spring-flowering bulbs plays an essential role in the production of nourishment for the underground bulbs. Plant vitality and bulb size are reduced when leaves are removed too early, resulting in fewer flowers the following spring. Once the foliage has become brown, it can be safely cut off and thrown away.

Slugs and Snails: Growing Problems

Slugs and snails can cause problems for the blossoms on your Narcissus shrub. They eat the leaves and stems of your daffodils. They are also very destructive to the foliage, and they can cause your plant to die. Slugs and snails are prevalent pests on narcissus; they may act as a vector for transmitting virus disease from infected plants. They are known to cause a lot of damage to the plants. We can control them with a lot of things. For example, we can use a lot of different kinds of pesticides to kill them. We can also use traps to capture them.

The best way to get rid of them is to put down pellets and use a pesticide to get rid of them. You can also use traps to catch them. A more recent and organic technique is the employment of a nematode specifically designed to attack slugs. Early results indicate that the treatment successfully reduces certain types of slugs known to attack the bulb underground.


Pests and Diseases

Narcissus are susceptible to a variety of viral infections, the most prevalent of which is the yellow stripe virus. As the name implies, yellow stripes on the green leaf are identifiable, which become more noticeable as the foliage emerges and typically fade away as the season advances. Cucumber mosaic virus, white streak virus, and tobacco rattle virus are other frequent viruses. The flowers may also exhibit light patches or dark streaks in certain situations. Even if the blooms remain unaffected, the plants concerned will typically lose vitality and produce less. Numerous vectors, including aphids above ground and nematodes and millipedes below ground, are responsible for transmitting numerous viral infections.

Frequently Asked Questions

What does the narcissus flower symbolize?

The narcissus is a flower known for its beautiful color and fragrance. It is also known for being one of the most common flowers globally. This flower symbolizes beauty and love. People use this flower in love spells, weddings, and gifts. It symbolizes that love will come and fill your life with love. In addition to beauty and love, the narcissus also represents healing and regeneration. The narcissus is one of the most popular flowers in the United States.

Are narcissus flowers and daffodils the same thing?

Daffodils are known by the Latin term narcissus. A daffodil is a botanical name for the flower and the common name for any of the members of the genus narcissus.

Is the narcissus flower poisonous?

Many plants contain dangerous substances—some of the dangerous substances found in plants such as poison ivy, nightshade, and thistle. The dangerous substances in these plants cause severe health problems if they are consumed or when you come into contact. The same is true for the daffodil. The daffodil’s whole structure contains the deadly toxin lycorine. The bulb is the section of the shrub that contains the most lycorine. Consumption of any shrub component may result in nausea, vomiting, stomach discomfort, and diarrhea. These sensations often last approximately two to three hours. Severe complications such as low blood pressure, sleepiness, and liver damage have been observed in animals that consumed huge doses of the herb, but never in people.

Additionally, the bulb includes compounds known as oxalates. They produce significant burning and irritation of the lips, tongue, and throat when ingested. Additionally, they might irritate the skin.

What are narcissus flowers used for?

There are many uses for narcissus flowers, but the most common ones are for weddings and funerals. For weddings, they are often used to decorate the entrance to the reception hall. They are typically arranged in beautiful clusters and can be purchased either with a large cluster of white or light pink flowers or as individual narcissi. They are available through online suppliers and flower shops. Narcissus also comes in other colors, such as orange or purple.



In conclusion, you can grow narcissus flowers from seeds or bulbs. However, to ensure the best chance of success, it’s always best to plant the bulbs as soon as possible after purchase. Don’t worry if they appear too small at first; they will increase in size during growth. After all, they’re perennial flowers, so you only need to replant every 3 to 4 years. If you are planting narcissus bulbs, the best varieties to plant are Daffodil (Narcissus’ Tetrahedron’), Jonquil (Narcissus ‘Ajax’), and Snowflake (Narcissus ‘Snowflake’).

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Michael is an author and entrepreneur that specializes in content production and marketing. I love helping authors and entrepreneurs succeed. My life experiences have given me a unique worldview, which I've used to write compelling material for my audience. Thank You