Euphorbia Lactea Care: how to grow Dragon Bone Cactus Plant

Euphorbia lactea crest

Euphorbia Lactea: Ultimate Growing Guide

Euphorbia Lactea is a plant that can grow up to 6 feet tall. It is also known as milk euphorbia because of the white latex it produces when cut or wounded. Euphorbias are subtropical plants, so they need warm and dry climates with protection from frost.

They do not like too much water either, but they thrive in humid environments. This article will teach you how to care for euphorbias and keep them healthy!

What are Euphorbias Lactea?

Euphorbia is a genus of plants belonging to the family Euphorbiaceae. There are over 1100 species within this genus, and they come in an exciting variety of shapes, sizes, colors, and growing habitats.

Euphorbia

Some euphorbias like low rainfall areas, while others do well in high rainfall regions. Some euphorbias, like euphorbia lactea, need to be protected from frost and low temperatures, while others can withstand cold weather and even snow!

Soil Requirements

Euphorbias prefer nutrient-rich and well-draining soil. They do not like to be overwatered, so it is best to use a fast-draining potting mix for them. If you are growing in the ground, then make sure that they get at least four hours of sunlight a day and that the soil drains well. Euphorbias do best in sandy soils, so you should add some sand to your potting mix if it is not gritty enough.

Watering.

Euphorbias like dry conditions and prefer little or no watering (except for Euphorbia milii, a tropical plant). Euphorbias are succulents and store water in their thick leaves. If your plant needs lots of water, then it means that the soil has dried up completely.

Temperature.

Your plant likes warm climates and lots of sunlight. They do not grow well in temperatures under 50 degrees Fahrenheit (about 15 degrees Celsius) because they are subtropical plants. Low-temperature care involves bringing the plant inside during winter and giving it a bright window to grow near.

They also need protection from frost, so you should bring your plant indoors during cold weather or cover them with mulch if planted in the ground.

Pest and Diseases

Euphorbias are generally pest-free. They have toxic white latex sap that prevents them from being eaten by insects. Euphorbias also need to be watered sparingly, so bugs do not usually bother with these plants because they do not grow well in arid conditions! It stores water in its leaves, so care is mainly required when their soil has dried up completely.

This cactus is also sensitive to chemicals, so you should wash your plant with soapy water if they come in contact with fertilizers or pesticides.

Transplant and Propagation.

Euphorbias have shallow root systems that make them difficult to transplant! If your plant needs to be transplanted, it is best to transplant in the spring or autumn when they are not actively growing.

Ensure sure that your plant’s care involves planting with their root-balls intact and digging a hole only as deep as your plants root-ball. Euphorbias do not need regular care, but they benefit from added nutrients when transplanting, so you can add some compost or manure to the soil before planting! Cutting and seeds are methods of propagating. 

Euphorbias do not need care that involves grafting or vegetative reproduction because cuttings and seeds can propagate them!

Fertilizing

This plant only needs fertilizer every three months. However, they do not like too much fertilizer, so it is best to use a diluted amount of water-soluble plant food once or twice during the growing season (March through September). Euphorbias are succulents and store water in their thick leaves.

Flowering.

This plant rarely flowers but does flower mainly in its wild environment. Its yellow-tinged blooms are very tiny and grow near the plant’s edge. On the ends of the stems of your dragon bones, you may see tiny teardrop leaves growing. Unfortunately, these adorable embellishments tend to peel off fast.

Euphorbia lactea - 'Cristata'

Care for this plant involves pruning. It needs dead branches removed for better growth. Euphorbia lactea care is similar whether they are grown in the ground or when they are grown indoors.

Euphorbias Lactea Cultivars.

Its  is one of the most popular euphorbias because it has a lot of variety in its appearance. Euphorbia lactea is also known as milk euphorbia because of the white latex it produces when cut or wounded.

They are subtropical plants, so they need warm and dry climates with protection from frost. They do not like too much water either, but they thrive in humid environments.

Cultivars include:

  • – Aurea
  • – Acomplexa
  • – Caracalla
  • – Leathery foliage
  • – Christophersenii
  • – Descoleana
  • – Multifida

Size of Euphorbias Lactea

This cactus plant typically grow between 18-36 inches in height. It grows at a slow pace and is compact and columnar. 

If you have many plants, you may want to plant them closer together, so they do not appear too sparsely placed in the garden.

Euphorbia Lactea Potting needs.

Its planted in pots about 18-36 inches tall and at least 10 inches wide. Planting Euphorbias in containers above the ground (such as window boxes) is even better. If you can, make sure to give your pot or container enough room because the plant’s roots will spread over time.

Growing Indoors as houseplants.

This plant can be grown indoors as a houseplant. It prefers bright light and well-drained potting mix – use a typical potting soil or cactus soil for Euphorbias. Euphorbias grow upright, so they work well in a roomy container where the plant will have plenty of space to occupy all its vertical developing needs.

Euphorbia lactea - Cristata

Euphorbias also prefer being taller than wide – they don’t have fat columnar stems like many other succulents do but instead, grow up tall with branches that hang down from the top of the plant. The branches are what give Euphorbia that distinctive look we think is so attractive!

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