Cyclamen: Planting, Grow, Taking Care of & Feeding Your Plant


The Cyclamen plant is a perennial member of the Primulaceae family and is native to the Mediterranean basin, Europe and parts of Africa. Many people confuse cyclamens with plants like primroses, and jasmine. These three plants share similarities in their flowers, but there are many differences in foliage, bloom time, and growth habit. 



The Cyclamen was a favorite flower in many places in Europe, and it remains a popular houseplant today; they are often grown outdoors in shady gardens and on the balconies of apartments in temperate climates. 

Plant Characteristics.

Colorful plants such as cyclamen are traditionally available for purchase during the colder months of the year.  Originally from southern Europe to northern parts of Africa, these plants of the Primulaceae family are now found throughout the world. When in bloom, cyclamen is most commonly offered for sale throughout the winter season. Many cultivars have been developed from the species, particularly in England, Germany, and the Netherlands, with the goal of increasing flower size, increasing its color palette, and altering petal morphology, among other things.


Habitat and Range.

Cyclamens are native to the Mediterranean region, and they can be found all around the world predominantly in gardens and sometimes in the wild. Some varieties are hardy and can survive in areas with frigid winters. However, most varieties need a minimum of 6 hours of direct sunlight each day. It grows best when the soil is well-drained, and they need some shade. They can also be planted in pots or other containers and grown in most soil types; they need a pH level between 6 and 7. Your plant will not tolerate extreme heat or cold temperatures as they prefer to live and are more commonly found in milder climates. 

Plant Care and Maintenance.

They require special care and maintenance but are worth the time investment. Its flowers come in various colors, from red, and white to pink, and they make excellent flower decorations. Cyclamen can be found in many different variations, with some being hardier than others’ therefore, it is essential to consider this plant’s need for care and maintenance because some varieties may require much attention. Also, it does well in low-light conditions, making it excellent to use on your office desk or indoor locations without the need to purchase additional lighting!

Cyclamen flowers

Cyclamens make great houseplants and in nature, this plant grows on rocky mountainsides in the wild. When grown in a pot ensure that they get enough room for their roots to spread out. Its leaves may yellow and fall off if exposed to too much sunlight or if they’re exposed to excessively dry weather conditions. They require a minimum amount of water, but they need enough light to grow. Bear in mind that the best time to plant is early spring when temperatures are mild. It will bloom throughout the year, but they tend to bloom in late spring when temperatures are cooler. Your plant will also benefit from occasional pruning. If you want to keep your cyclamen plants healthy, you should remove any dead or damaged leaves as this will help to promote new growth.


This plant is not fussy about their soil, and they can tolerate most kinds of soils, including clay soils and heavy, wet soil. You can choose between potting soil or peat moss. If you choose peat moss, you should add some fertilizer at a rate of about one tablespoon per quart (liter) of water. As noted, this plant is hardy and can withstand some drought. They are also tolerant of different temperatures and can survive in a wide range of temperatures. In addition, they are very adaptable and can grow in various locations, often found in gardens and natural areas because they can tolerate many soil types. 

Watering and Fertilizing.

Cyclamens will benefit from adequate watering, especially in the hot summer months. However, they are not water excessively as this may cause root rot if the plant is left standing in wet soils for prolonged periods. It may need to be watered more regularly during the warm summer months to ensure that the plant stays healthy. It would help if you watered cyclamens about once a week; and again, keep in mind that this plant does not like standing water, so ensure that you provide only enough water for your plants. Cyclamens also need fertilizer, especially during the fall especially right before winter begins. They can tolerate many different types of fertilizers; your plant will appreciate it when fertilized with a slow-release fertilizer. 


Pruning and trimming.

Pruning and trimming Cyclamen is a relatively simple task that should not be skipped. However, it will prolong the plant’s life and keep it healthy when done correctly.

Pruning: Pruning your plant requires cutting back any stems or stalks that have grown too long, as well as any dead parts of the plant. To do this, use a sharp pair of shears or shearing scissors to cut off the undesired part from the stem. Remove any leaves or flower clusters that have died and are no longer needed, as well as any leaves that are yellowing or wilting. It is essential to prune your plant in the early spring and late fall. This is necessary because it allows the plant to grow new leaves. 

Cyclamen Flowers

Cultivation and Propagation.

Cyclamens are a flowering plant that has been around for quite some time. It is a trendy flower often used in bouquets and floral arrangements.

The cultivation and propagation of this plant is not difficult. They can be propagated by stem cuttings, seeds, or rhizomes. The best time to propagate is during the spring or fall months when the soil temperatures are between 45-65 degrees Fahrenheit. These plants require well-drained soil, so using a potting mix with good drainage properties such as cactus mix or peat moss is essential. They also prefer full sun exposure but can tolerate partial shade if necessary.

Cultivar to select

Cyclamen persicum is a delicate plant which does not do too well during the cold freezing months of winter. As a result, it is generally grown indoors as potted plants in a warm environments. When choosing a cyclamen, look for a plant that has a large number of buds beginning to open as well as robust, succulent vegetation. Its spherical leaves are primarily dark green but can be marbled with white or silver, depending on the variety. Depending on the cultivar, the margins of the leaves may be somewhat serrated or the bottom of the leaves may be purple in appearance.

Mature Size and Height.

We know that many factors affect the height of a plant. These include genetics, growing conditions like light and water, and maturity size. A study on this plant reveals that when grown in sunlight, their height will be about 10% higher than when grown in the shade. They will also grow faster if given enough water. There is still some debate about whether the plant’s maturity size affects the height of plants, but this might be true since mature plants have more leaves which may mean better absorption of nutrients due to the mature root system. The size and height of a plant are significant. It can determine how long it will take for the plant to grow and bloom and its lifespan. The mature size and height are usually determined by where you live and what kind of environment you have. 

Cyclamen Plant

Sunlight and Temperature.

Planting cyclamens in the garden is popular for people who want to bring some color into their space. However, these plants are sensitive to extreme light and temperature, requiring specific care to thrive.

Conversely, as much as most varieties prefer lots of sunlight there are some varieties that will do just fine in low-light conditions. But keep in mind that the majority of Cyclamen species will not bloom if it does not get enough light.  They do best in an area with at least six hours of direct sunlight daily, and again, they will do poorly in areas with low light. If you choose to grow your cyclamens outdoors, you should plant them during the fall or spring when temperatures are mild. 

Cyclamen Flower

Common Pests and Diseases.

Pests and diseases are problems that growers must deal with every year. Unfortunately, they can be difficult for growers to combat because they are often quick-moving or hidden by leaves, making it hard to identify the pest or disease, let alone stop it. Cyclamen plants are not immune to pests and diseases either. They share the same vulnerabilities as other plants, but they also have unique issues that need to be addressed separately. Many different pests and diseases can affect your plant depending on where they grow. The most common ones are slugs, aphids, spider mites, mealybugs, and whiteflies. 


If you want to grow cyclamens, you must make sure that you follow the instructions provided above. You should make sure that you do not let your plants dry out. You should also make sure that you do not overwater your plants or keep your plant in standing water.  If you choose to grow your plant outdoors, you should plant them during the fall or spring. 


Frequently Asked Questions

Can Cyclamen be planted outdoors? 

Yes – Cyclamens can be planted outdoors during the spring and fall. You should plant them during the fall if you want to grow cyclamens outdoors in the winter. If you choose to plant your cyclamens outdoors during the fall or spring, you should plant them in areas that get a lot of sun. If you choose to grow your plant outdoors during the summer, you should plant them in areas that get some shade.  This plant likes full sunlight or partial shade. However, they will not tolerate a completely shaded location. They are best suited for areas that get a lot of sun. 

Where is the best place to plant Cyclamen?

Surprisingly, cyclamens like to grow in moist, rich soil. They can be planted in pots, planters, or hanging baskets. If you choose to plant in pots or planters, then you should make sure that you keep the soil moist.  This plant likes to be planted in moist, rich soil. If you choose to grow your plant in pots or planters, then you should make sure that you keep the soil moist. If you choose to plant in a hanging basket, you should plant them in a huge pot to allow its roots enough room to grow and ensure that the pot has enough drainage holes. 

Are Cyclamen annuals or perennials?

Cyclamen are considered perennial plants native to the Mediterranean. Its leaves are heart-shaped, and they come in a variety of colors, including green, pink, purple, and white. In addition, Cyclamen plants produce flowers that come in vibrant colors such as red, pink, purple, white, yellow, and orange. While the flowers themselves last only about one week after blooming, they will produce more flowers throughout the year with proper care.

Do Cyclamen like sun or shade? 

This plant prefers to be potted in full or partial sunlight, but it can also grow in shaded areas with the right circumstances. Some plants need full sun for optimal growth and health, while others thrive with partial sun exposure. If you’re considering planting outdoors, it is best to plant it in an area that gets enough morning or afternoon sunlight. If you plan on planting it indoors, make sure to place it near a sunny window.

What is a Cyclamen’s Flowering Season? 

Cyclamen flowers have a relatively short flowering season, typically from October to November. Some have red flowers, while others have white or pink flowers. You can choose between plants with small leaves and plants with larger leaves. The size of the leaves will depend on the climate. 

Is a cyclamen an indoor or outdoor plant?

You can choose between growing them outdoors or indoors. If you choose to grow your plant outdoors, you should plant them during the fall or spring. You should also make sure that you water your plants regularly. If you choose to grow your cyclamens indoors, you should ensure they access some sun or artificial light source. Finally, you should add some fertilizer to your cyclamens when their leaves show signs of yellowing or wilting.

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