Cycas Revoluta (Palm Sago) in your Yard: A Complete Guideline

Cycas revoluta

Sago Palm (Cycas Revoluta) is one of the most popular plants in the world. They are easy to grow and maintain, but there are some things that you should know before you purchase a Sago Palm. First, the Sago Palm is not a palm but is actually a cycad. Cycads are an ancient plant species with roots going back to the Jurassic Period. The Sago Palm is also known as Cycas Revoluta or “Pandan” in Malaysia, where it is indigenous and called “pandan,” which means “the old woman.”

Palm Sago

This is an essential guide if you want to learn how to grow palm sago in your garden or have tried growing palm sago before; I would love to know what you think about this fantastic plant. 

Use this guide to help you grow palm sago in your garden.

Palm sago is a crop used for over 1,000 years and it has been used by the ancient Egyptians, Greeks, Romans, and Native American tribes. 

There is no doubt that palm sago (Cycas revoluta)is one of the most beautiful plants with large leaves and flowers. But if you have never grown palm sago, you may not know that it requires certain conditions than most plants and has many advantages over many other palms.

Palm Sago

Cultivation and History

The palm sago tree grows in Southeast Asia and Northern Australia. It has been cultivated for over 3,000 years. Its name, ‘cycas,’ comes from the Greek words kykos, meaning ‘nut,’ and casos, meaning ‘nut-bearing .’ The fruit is often called sago. The first recorded mention of the cycas came in 1600 BC in the Indian epic Mahabharata. 

How to Grow Sago Palm: 

To grow a sago tree, you should first collect its seeds, part of the sago’s fruit. Sago palms are usually grown in plantations located in many different parts of the world.

Next, you should sow the palm sago palm seeds into containers and pots. When the seedlings grow to be about three to four inches tall, they should be carefully transplanted to a permanent spot. The seedlings will grow to about nine to ten feet and, in some cases, 20 feet tall when fully grown.

Sago palm

Care for Cycas Revoluta

The Sago Palm is a slow-growing, evergreen plant that can reach up to 20 feet tall and live for about a 100 years in some cases. If you want your Sago Palm tree to thrive, it’s important to know how to care for it throughout its life.

Sago trees are cultivated for various reasons. They can be planted for shade or used as a decorative element and are incredibly resilient plant that thrives under various conditions and will grow in virtually any type of soil. They are very tolerant of environmental conditions; hence, they can thrive in the sun, shade, or rain. They do well in both temperate and tropical climates. They don’t need much care and can be placed in a pot and kept outside year-round. They will tolerate drought conditions and will do just fine in drier conditions. You don’t have to worry about fertilizer because they do fine without it. They can be planted in rocky soil and do just fine in clay or loam soils, but they prefer loam. It’s hard to find hardy and long-lived plants, so this is an excellent characteristic

Cycas Revoluta Seeds.

Suppose you want to grow a sago tree at home. First, you should collect palm sago seeds and sow them directly into the soil or carefully plant them in individual pots. The seedlings will grow to about nine to ten feet.

Cycas Revoluta

Growing Tips and Care

To grow sago successfully, make sure you have a lot of light. It is a tropical plant and will need lots of direct sunlight to strive and also keep the soil moist. Don’t overwater, as too much water will slow down your plant’s growth or, in extreme cases, it will lead to root rot and ultimate death. It would be best to water your palm sago every two weeks. Cycas revoluta does best in well-draining soil that is high in organic matter.

  • Start plants indoors in trays or pots until they’re ready to go outside.
  • Start seeds indoors during the winter and transplant them to the garden when temperatures are above 50 degrees F.
  • Space plants 2-3 feet apart.
  • Transplant seedlings after all danger of frost have passed.
  • Make sure your soil is full of organic matter and rich in nutrients.
  • Water every 2-3 days.
  • Ideally, plant Cycas revoluta during the summer months.

Sago Palm

Pruning and Maintenance

It would be best to cut back your plant to promote growth. You need to make sure that you’ve cut back all branches, especially those damaged by insects, rodents, or disease. The first step in pruning is to remove all the dead leaves from your tree. Then, remove all the damaged fronds. Next, cut off the dead fronds to prevent the spread of diseases. Lastly, remove any damaged, dead or diseased branches. After all of this has been done, you can begin your pruning procedure. Start by cutting back all dead, damaged, or diseased branches at a 45-degree angle. If you are pruning in winter, you will need to cut back the branches of your coconut palms as far back as possible, allowing the air to circulate more easily. Then, cut back the main trunk of your palm tree. Finally, prune some of the top branches; your coconut palms will have a more compact, bushier appearance.  

Sago Growth Issues and Seed Selection

Many different factors need to be considered before purchasing a seedling. To properly select seeds, growers need to determine the ideal climate for growing, water, fertilization, and soil requirements for their desired palms. With proper selection, growers can ensure that their plants will survive the long haul of life on the farm. For growers with limited space and resources, selecting suitable palm seedlings can mean the difference between a thriving crop or a failed venture. One of the main concerns for sago palm seedlings is ensuring that they get enough sunlight as they require at least 10 hours of direct sunlight per day.

Cycas Revoluta

Another problem for sago seedlings is not providing enough water for your plant. Bear in mind that seedlings need a lot of moisture to grow properly; consequently, they need regular watering during the growing season. If you don’t water them regularly, the plants will turn yellow and wilt. After selecting the best plants, you must plant them correctly. If you plant sago palm seedlings in the wrong location, they will probably die off. They should be planted in well-drained areas to receive at least 5 gallons of water per week. Over-watered plants can also develop root rot and won’t be able to absorb nutrients and water.

When ready to plant your seedlings, ensure that the pots are at the proper depth. Water your seedlings well, and then cover them with a shade cloth to prevent them from drying out.

Sago Palm Benefits

They are planted for various reasons; some of the more popular reasons are they provide a home for hummingbirds or butterflies. They are decorative plants and can sometimes be used as a natural barrier between two properties. Sago palms are resilient and don’t mind having to withstand the elements. It’s an excellent plant for people looking for a hardy and durable plant. You don’t have to be overly concerned about pests or diseases since they are relatively disease-resistant and do best in humid conditions. If you live in a hot climate, you’ll want to plant it in a pot, and If you live in a cold climate, it can survive outdoors year-round.

Cycas Revoluta

Managing Pests and Diseases

The palm sago has many pest problems. A few examples of pests and diseases include root rot, shoot borers, scale insects, and mealybugs. They can cause damage to the palm sago crop, reduce the amount of starch in the palm sago, and kill the palm sago plant.

Common sago pests include white grubs, root maggots, mites, aphids, and weevils. White grubs are tiny worms that live in the soil. They feed on the roots of the palm sago plant. Root maggots are larvae of flies that feed on the roots of the palm sago. Mites are tiny, flat, and oval-shaped creatures that eat the leaves of palm sago.

On the other hand, scale insects are tiny insects that cause the leaves of the palm sago plant to become rough and scaly. Finally, mealybugs are small, gray, and winged insects that feed on the palm sago plant and cause it to produce a sticky substance. To avoid pests, you can use insecticides and other treatments to eliminate them. You can also use a pest repellent containing essential oils that help repel pests for a more natural approach.

Common Problems With Sago

There are other problems associated with growing sago palms, including the fact that they are susceptible to fungal disease. Also, the plant’s leaves are susceptible to insect attack, such as the red palm weevil.

Cycas revoluta

Best Uses of Sago Palm

Sago’s are used for several purposes around the world. The leaves are used to make ropes, hats, baskets, etc., while the stems are used to make furniture. Sago palm can also be used for making fertilizer, paper pulp, rope, etc. It is one of the oldest crops that have been cultivated.

Light and Soil Requirement Sago Palm 

Your climate will have an enormous impact on your tree. The climate of a place affects how much sunshine a place receives. Most palm trees require a lot of sunlight. However, some locations get little to no sunlight. Therefore, you’ll want to be careful when planting your sago in such an environment. You need to consider the amount of sun that the area gets. If you are planning on growing a tree in your home, you might want to look into making sure your tree is getting an ample amount of sunlight. You also don’t want to plant your tree in a location that freezes or gets very cold during winter, as this can cause your Sago Palm to die.

The best type of soil to grow sago palm seedlings is loam soil. Loam soil has a clay-like texture and is full of nutrients, and it is perfect for most tropical plants.

Palm Sago

Water and Fertilizer

Cycas revoluta can live just fine in drought conditions; if you plant it in a sunny spot with infrequent watering, it will thrive. However, these plants need about 10-12 hours of light per day, so don’t plant your sago palm in a spot that gets less than 10 hours of direct sunlight per day. In addition, keep the soil moist but not soggy, and give the roots plenty of room to breathe. Sago palm seedlings also need fertilizer. Fertilizers provide the nutrients that are needed to grow healthy plants. If you don’t feed your sago palm seedlings, they will grow very slowly or not thrive. 

Temperature and Humidity.

Sago palms grow best between 15° and 25°C. They prefer a humid environment but tolerate drought. A 40°C (104°F) or higher temperature may be too hot for your plant. Most people incorrectly think that the ideal temperature is 20°C (68°F); However, the optimal temperature for the plant is between 25°C (77°F) and 30°C (86°F). Too cold, and it’s a waste of time, and when too warm, the sago palm will wilt under excessive heat. 

Potting and Repotting Sago Palm

If you plan to repot your sago palm, you should first check to ensure you use a relatively large pot to accommodate its sprawling roots and give the plant plenty of room to grow.

Cycas revoluta

Frequently Asked Questions About Sago Palm

How do you care for Cycas revoluta?

You don’t have to be a botanist to grow Cycas revoluta. This perennial plant is one of the easiest ornamental plants to grow in the home. It requires little care and only needs water in spring and summer. It grows best in full sun but tolerates light shade. This plant is also straightforward to propagate by cuttings or root divisions. In addition, it is tolerant of salty, dry soils and needs no additional fertilizing.

Is Cycas revoluta an outdoor plant?

Cycas revoluta is not an indoor plant and is more often found growing in the wild than in gardens or indoors. 

Is Cycas revoluta poisonous?

The cycad plants contain saponins which are natural compounds that can be toxic. This means that they can cause some pretty bad symptoms if ingested. These plants can cause nausea, vomiting, headaches, fever, dizziness, and sweating and many other symptoms. These include diarrhea, abdominal pain, diarrhea, and weakness. The best way to prevent poisoning from this plants is to make sure you wash your hands thoroughly after handling them. It is also a good idea to wear gloves when you are handling the plants to avoid accidental poisoning.

How fast does Cycas revoluta grow?

In the first few months after planting, the growth of Cycas revoluta plants is slow. However, by six months, the plant will grow over 20 cm (about 8 inches). After one year, the Cycas plant reached a height of 30 cm (12 inches) and had almost doubled in size. The Cycas plant will continue to grow the following year, doubling again in size. The Cycas plant will reach 60 cm (24 inches) and double its size by the fourth year. After that, its growth slowed somewhat but still grew about 4 cm (1.5 inches) per month. After the fifth year, the Cycas plant’s growth began to level off. This is because plants need to stop growing to produce fruit.


In conclusion, You’ll want to pick the best spots in your yard for your palms. Not only will they provide the highest yields, but the soil must also be perfect for planting palm seedlings. Plant your palms in deep and loose soil with a good mix of sand, peat, and compost. Also, you may want to add some fertilizer when planting your palms. When planting palms, the main thing you should know is that they need water. You should water them a few times a week during the growing season, which may vary depending on how much rain you get. And it would be best if you never allowed your palms to dry out, so make sure you keep a steady supply of water nearby.

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