The Complete Guide to Crassula Falcata (propeller plant)

Crassula falcata, also known as the “airplane plant”, “propeller plant” or “Mother of Thousands,” is an interesting and beautiful thing to add to your garden. This succulent and is part of the Crassulaceae family of plants. It was named after Baron Von Falcke, who was a German traveler and naturalist. Known for its tall stems and vibrant colors, it makes an excellent addition to any garden. This plant is native to South Africa and Namibia, but they are summer planting zones in most parts of the world.

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Scientific classification
Name: Crassula falcata (Airplane plant or Propeller Plant)
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Order: Saxifragales
Family: Crassulaceae
Genus: Crassula
Species: C. falcata

General Care for Crassula falcata

The Crassula falcata will grow best in a warm environment. It does need sunlight to thrive, but it will do better in a semi-shaded area. It will also do well in a dry location and well-drained soil. Avoid placing it in a location with standing water.

The Crassula falcata needs a lot of water, and it should be watered regularly. The soil should be kept moist but not soggy. It needs to be protected from the winter temperatures. It should be kept in a room where the temperature does not drop below 55 degrees. It should also be kept in a location where it does not get frosty winds.

Crassula falcata


Uses for Crassula falcata The Crassula falcata is an excellent addition to any garden. It makes a great ground cover plant, and it can be used in containers. It can also be used in landscaping as a ground cover. It is known to be one of the easiest plants to care for, so it is a good choice for those with limited time or skills to take care of their plants. This succulent is also known to be great for those who live in a dry and desert-like climate. This plant is considered by many to be a medicinal herb. It is known to cure digestive disorders, coughs, colds, and other respiratory problems. It is also known to be effective against arthritis, and it can help people with diabetes. It is also known to be an excellent treatment for gout and rheumatism. In addition, the Crassula falcata has anti-inflammatory properties, and it helps reduce pain.


The Crassula falcata is a beautiful plant with many different varieties of colors and heights. The leaves are very light green, which can be either round or heart-shaped. The flowers are small and bright red. These can be found in clusters around the plant.  

Foliage: The foliage of the Crassula falcata can be a beautiful shade of green. The leaves of the plant are fragile.

Flowers: The blooms of the Crassula falcata are small and red. They can be found in clusters all around the plant

Height: The height of this plant is between 5 to 6 feet.

Drought-Tolerance: The Crassula falcata can tolerate drought quite well, but they regularly require water and fertilizer.

Bloom Time: The Crassula falcata is a perennial plant and will bloom every year. The flowering time depends on the weather and soil conditions.

Habitat: This plant prefers a sunny location with a lot of direct sunlight. It is well-suited for those who have a dry and desert-like climate. The Crassula falcata will also do quite well in a sandy environment.

Size and Growth:

The Crassula falcata grows to about 1 foot tall. It can grow up to 12 inches in diameter, but it is unlikely to grow more than 2 feet in diameter. It has been known to grow in a container up to 3 feet in diameter. The stems will grow straight out from the base of the plant. When the plant is in bloom, the stem can reach up to 3 feet high. It can be grown in almost any type of soil as long as it is moist. It will do best if you give it a lot of sunlight, and it will not tolerate being shaded, especially over prolonged periods. It would be best if you gave it at least one inch of water per week. If you want to grow the Crassula falcata indoors, it can be kept in a large pot. If you want to plant it in a container, you should make sure that it has drainage holes in the bottom of the pot. You can also place a layer of pebbles or gravel at the bottom of the pot and preferably place it in a sunny location.

Falcata Crassula Flowering and Fragrance:

The flowers of this plant are very bright red. They have a strong fragrance, and they will last up to three weeks. They can be found in clusters all around the plant. The Crassula falcata will bloom in the spring. However, the best time to plant this succulent is during the early summer months. If you plant it too late in the year, it will have to wait until next year to bloom. The blooms of the Crassula falcata will come in a range of different colors. You can expect the plants to bloom with pink, purple, red, and light yellow colors.

This plant is a perennial plant, and it will bloom every year. It is not an annual plant, so it will not bloom in the fall. The flowering season will vary depending on the time of the year that you plant it. It will bloom for a long time, but it is not a hardy plant, and it can only be grown outdoors.

airplane plant

Sowing Crassula falcata

The best time to sow the Crassula falcata is in the spring. However, it would be best if you planted it as soon as the soil can be worked. If you plan on planting it in the spring, it should be sown in a pot or the ground. Make sure to keep it in a sunny location and watered regularly. When the plant has reached the desired size, move it to a permanent location.

Light and Temperature:

The Crassula falcata is a plant that does well in bright light and warm temperatures. It prefers to have a lot of light and a lot of direct sunlight. Ideally, temperatures should be kept at around 70 degrees Fahrenheit. If the temperature gets too cold, the plant will not bloom properly. If the temperature gets too hot, it will not flower. 

Watering and Feeding:

The Crassula falcata requires water and fertilizer. As stated before, it should be watered regularly. You should check the soil for moisture before you water it. Water it thoroughly after a week or so. If there is no rainfall, it will dry out quickly and would require water more frequently. After the soil is wet for a few days, the Crassula falcata can go without water for ten days. Therefore, it is crucial to water the plant as soon as it starts to dry out. If you notice that the plant is starting to wilt, it can be rescued by applying a little bit of fertilizer. This will give the plant the required nutrient and help it to survive. If you use fertilizers with slow-release granules, you should avoid adding more for about a week or two before feeding the plant again. You should use a balanced fertilizer; this will promote growth and help the plant bloom more frequently. It is best to use a fertilizer that has an NPK ratio of 12-6-12. The Crassula falcata is an annual plant, and it will bloom every year. Therefore, the plant will need fertilization at least every spring. 

Soil and Transplanting:

The soil that this plant grows best in should be rich and fertile soil. You should add a lot of compost to the soil to ensure that the soil has enough nutrients. The soil should be kept moist but not soggy. It is also essential to keep the soil on the dry side. If you plant the plant in the spring, it will need to be transplanted into the ground after growing. When you transplant it, you should try to plant it as close to the original location as possible. If you move it too far away, the plant will not flower the same way it did when you planted it; This is especially true if the plant experiences drastic soil or temperature changes.

Propagating Crassula falcata:

The Crassula falcata can be propagated by taking cuttings and seeds from the plants in early spring.


To grow the plant from cuttings, you should start with at least 3-4 inches of stem. First, you should cut the stem about a third of its length; remove the leaves and the bottom portion of the stem. Place them into a pot with a mixture of peat moss and sand. You can also use small stones or a gravel substrate in the pot. Water the pot with water regularly.


The Crassula falcata can be grown from seeds. It needs to be planted in spring or fall. You can germinate the seeds by placing them in a pot and covering them with a moist paper towel. If you want to grow the seeds yourself, you should start with at least ten seeds, and you should keep them in a warm location for about two weeks. You should then move the seeds to a sunny location for about three weeks. It is vital to keep the soil moist. When the seedlings have sprouted, they should be transplanted into pots or the ground.

Greenhouse Propagation: You should then put the stem in water for a few days. Next, place the stems into a pot or container with a mixture of peat moss and sand. You can also use small stones or a gravel substrate in the pot. Finally, water the pot with water regularly. Temperatures in the greenhouse should be kept between 65 and 75 degrees Fahrenheit. Such temperatures are conducive and will help the stem to grow new roots. 

airplane plant

Growing Tips:

If you want to plant the Crassula falcata in your garden, you should keep it away from other plants and locate it on a level, well-drained site. Keep it in a sunny location, and you should give it enough space to grow. It would be best not to let the Crassula falcata get waterlogged because this will cause it to rot. This will make it difficult for the plant to grow. Keep your watering routine to about once a week, depending on the weather condition. Fertilize your plant every spring for a happy plant. 

Maintenance and Grooming:

The Crassula falcata can grow in a variety of soil types. However, it grows best in soil rich in nutrients and has good drainage. If you have clay soil, then you should add sand or pebbles to improve the drainage. The soil should be kept moist at all times. If the soil is dry, the plant will not grow properly. You should water the plant thoroughly at least once a week. It would be best if you also gave it plenty of sunlight. If you put it in direct sunlight, your plant will grow faster. If you cannot place it in a location with enough sunlight, you can place it near an artificial light source. Finally, the leaves should be kept clean; this is important because your Crassula leaves capture light. If there is debris or dust on the leaves, they will reflect less light. 

Your plant should be pruned in the spring. This will help the plant to grow into a larger bush. It will also promote flowering. You can also prune it in the fall if you want to have a smaller plant. The Crassula falcata needs to be trimmed regularly, and you should do this every three weeks. The best time to trim the plant is in the late summer, when it is dormant.


There are a variety of different cultivars of the Crassula falcata. These include: “Albida”, “Giant Fuchsia”, “Helichrysum”, “Ivy Beauty”, “Lime Green”, “Mighty Poinsettia”, “Mild Green”, “Nana”, “Rosemary”, “Sensation”, “Starburst”, “Tangerine Gem”, “Tropical Pink”, and “Venus”.

Crassula Falcata Pests or Disease Problems:

There are not many pests or diseases that affect the Crassula falcata. The main problem is that the plant can be affected by aphids. If you find a lot of aphids on the plant, you should spray the plants with insecticidal soap. It will help to get rid of the aphids. You can get rid of many diseases naturally by keeping the soil well-drained and by using high-quality soil. Also, diseases such as mildew can affect your plant. Again, the plant can be protected from this disease by growing it in well-drained soil. If you do not have good drainage, you should place the plant in a pot with pebbles or stones. If you live in a humid area, keep the soil in your garden or pots dry.

Crassula Falcata


The Crassula falcata is an attractive houseplant, and it can grow indoors in a pot. It can grow in any soil as long as it is well-drained. It can be grown in a sunny or partially shaded spot. 

Crassula falcata soil should be kept moist at all times, fertilized regularly with a balanced fertilizer, watered thoroughly, but not more than once a week. The Crassula falcata can be pruned regularly in the spring. You should remove the dead leaves and flower stalks to promote new growth. The plant can be trimmed in the late summer when it is dormant. 

Thank you for reading! Do you have a Crassula falcata? How does it grow?

Let us know in the comments section below.

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Michael is an author and entrepreneur that specializes in content production and marketing. I love helping authors and entrepreneurs succeed. My life experiences have given me a unique worldview, which I've used to write compelling material for my audience. Thank You