Carnation Flowers (Dianthus Caryophyllus): The Ultimate Guides

striped carnation

Guide to Grow Carnation (Dianthus Caryophyllus)

Growing Carnation (Dianthus Caryophyllus) in your garden, pots, or containers is simple. It has very little to do with the effort, money, or love you may put into it. What it takes is dedication and, to a certain degree, time. If you have not been growing them correctly, they may not flourish and may be much smaller and less attractive.

Do you love growing this plants? Have you tried growing carnations but have found that they aren’t easy to grow? The best place to start growing plants is from cuttings. Carnation plants can proliferate and flower within three months.

In this article, I will explain everything you need to know about growing and caring for these flowers the right way. I will also show you some of my favorite carnations and how to take care of them properly.

Why Carnations?

Carnations are some of the most beautiful flowers you can grow. They are easy to grow, and they’re one of the best flowers to bring indoors during the winter months because they show off their best indoors. In addition to growing carnations indoors, you can also grow them outside your home.

Carnations thrive in both hot and cooler weather, so you don’t have to worry too much about what the temperature is going to be when you’re planting them. You can plant carnations in hanging baskets, window boxes, and pots. Just make sure you water them appropriately.

The best time to plant carnations is during the spring and summer months. However, if you plant them in late fall right before the winter freeze. The best thing about planting carnations is that it is easy to do. It only takes two weeks before you start seeing some beautiful flowers.

You have to put the seeds into the ground and water them frequently. If you are going to plant carnations, you should be very careful about the kind of soil you use. Make sure that the soil is rich and fertile. If not, the seeds may not germinate. Also, you should keep the soil moist during the early stages.

Selecting the Best Varieties

One of the most popular varieties of carnations is the pink plants. You can buy them from nurseries, but they are relatively more expensive which is why you may want to consider growing them yourself.

There are many other varieties of plants, but the more common ones are the red, white, and orange ones. It is important to understand that carnations need bright light to thrive and will not do well if they are placed in a dark area. You can grow carnations indoors in pots in a sunny window or location. 

Carnation flower

The flower buds will begin to open in about two weeks and continue blooming for several weeks. The plants will last several weeks if adequately watered and exposed to enough sunlight. 

Growing Carnation in the garden

The first thing you need to do is buy a packet of carnation seeds. Before you start planting:

  1. Ensure your planted seeds are placed in the correct soil type.
  2. Put in enough suitable soil so that the roots can grow into the soil.
  3. Use the proper fertilizer to grow healthy and robust plants.

To have healthy plants, you need to feed them well and be sure to water the plants at least once a day especially during the summer months. Watering is also essential for the health of the plant.

Don’t wait for your plant begin to start wilting due to lack of water watering. Browning and yellowing leaves are indication that your poor plants need more moisture. It’s important to water your plants and feed them well until they look shiny and green. This tells you that the plants are getting enough nutrients.

Caring for Carnations

To keep the carnations healthy, we must remember that they require particular soil, water, light, and temperatures. We should not over-water carnations because they will not grow and will develop root rot. The best way to water carnations is to put them in a pot with holes in the bottom so that they can soak up enough water but release the excess amount through the holes.


Strive to water your plant a couple of times a week but ensure you don’t leave you plant sitting in excessive amount water for prolonged periods. Also, ensure that the plants receive plenty of light. If they are not exposed to sufficient light, they will not grow well.

The soil used to cultivation should be composed of peat moss, vermiculite, and perlite.  Don’t fertilize your plants if you are already using quality soil because they should already be getting enough nutrition. Put fresh mulch around the stems of the plants because the mulch prevents weeds from growing around them.


To propagate carnations:

  1. Place a mixture of equal parts vermiculite and peat moss in a plastic container (or pot).
  2. Fill the container with water and add three to four cups of soil mix to help keep the roots moist. The mix should be porous enough to allow a few carnation seeds to sink.
  3. Cover the container with a plastic bag and place it in a warm location, like a sunny windowsill.

Carnation seeds will usually sprout within seven to ten days. Once the carnations bloom, remove the plastic bag. if you are looking for specific colors, you may want to sow seeds for each variety you desire. When planting a flower garden, make sure that you have enough space and your plant is receiving plenty of light. Be sure to also provide them with fertilizer and water; being especially careful about what you put in your garden because some fertilizers can harm your plants. Many fertilizers contain chemicals and other things that may not be good for your plants. Use only organic fertilizer and compost if possible.

When you’re growing your carnation plants from cuttings, keep the following things in mind:

  • Watering: Make sure you water your these plants every other day.
  • Temperature: if planted indoors ensure that your carnations are kept at room temperature.
  • Sunlight: If your plant don’t get enough sunlight, your carnation plants will not grow well.
  • Fertilizer: Use organic fertilizers or plant food if possible (Your plant will appreciate it).
  • Potting Soil: Use potting soil that has been amended with vermiculite (This material helps to aerate soil while simultaneously retaining water and nutrients).
  • One thing about carnations petals are that they’re pretty delicate, and you might end up with some losses if you’re not careful about how they are handled.

Pests and Diseases

When you’re growing This plants, you want to watch out for a couple of pests. The first pest is aphids, tiny insects that produce a sticky substance that clings to your stems and flowers. They will suck all the moisture from your plants, leaving you with dry stems and leaves that are no longer healthy.

The second pest is mealy bugs. These are oval-shaped insects that live in groups called colonies. They eat the plant’s leaves and flower buds and leave behind a powdery substance that makes your plant’s blooms look like cotton balls. If you suspect either of these pests, it’s good to take some precautions. First, remove the affected plant and dispose of it immediately.

Give carnations the light they need to grow.

Some plants love the sun, while others like shade. Carnations love the sun! To keep them healthy, they need a lot of direct sunlight. This plants prefer bright light, so make sure you give them enough light. It would be good to put the plant outside in the summer months.

carnation pink

You can put the plant on a window sill if you have a balcony. The room should be well ventilated, and the window needs to be open. Water your plant regularly but ensure you don’t over-water it.  

General Care Tips 

  • Carnations like to be in excellent soil. If you find it challenging to buy quality soil, you could use compost made from kitchen waste. It could be an ideal mix of manure, green waste, dried leaves, grass clippings, and other garden wastes.
  • You should be able to use a garden fertilizer when feeding your carnations but avoid the use chemical fertilizers. They can burn your plants and harm them.
  • If you choose to use chemical fertilizers ensure that you buy a fertilizer that contains only the nutrients your plant needs.  
  • Carnations does not like to be over-watered. It would be best to water them regularly, once or twice a week. Don’t let the soil dry out.  
  • Your carnations needs balanced nutrients for them to flourish.
  • Carnations can be grown indoors during the winter. In such a situation, use a light timer to turn the lights on and off the lights automatically so that you plant receive ample amount of light. If you can’t get your hands on a light timer, you can manually turn on the lights.
  • It would be best to trim your carnations back at least once a year and they should be trimmed after flowering. Trimming will promote fresh new growth and allow your flowers to grow bigger and more attractive.
  • Carnations will not tolerate frost or freezing weather. In the winter, they should be kept inside. If you have to keep your carnations outdoors, they will do best in a sheltered location possibly under a shed to avoid freezing rains. If your carnations freeze, you should cut them back.

Choose a fertilizer that is right for your specific plant.

The following two principles will help you get the most bang for your buck when fertilizing your plants. There are four types of fertilizers used in plants: slow-release, fast-acting, quick-release, and liquid fertilizers.

Slow-release fertilizers are made up of micronized natural ingredients such as rock phosphate, compost, and kelp meal. They are applied directly to the soil at the rate of a half cup per square foot.

One of the reasons this type of fertilizer works so well is that it is slow-release. It takes time for the nutrients to penetrate the soil. In this way, the flowers receive adequate nutrients for extended periods. That means you will get more blooms.

Fast-acting fertilizers are usually nitrogen-rich compounds such as urea, ammonium nitrate, and sodium. These fertilizers should be applied at a quarter cup per square foot rate.

Quick-release fertilizers are made of phosphate, potassium sulfate, and potassium chloride. They are usually applied at the rate of a half to one cup per square foot.

Liquid fertilizers are basically a water solution. The most commonly used liquid fertilizer is 10-20-10 fertilizer. This fertilizer contains nitrogen and phosphorous, with 10 percent nitrogen and 20 percent phosphorous. The advantage of using liquid fertilizer is that it is easy to use. Liquid fertilizers can be applied directly to the soil at about one tablespoon per square foot.

If you want to increase the number of blooms on your plants, you need to apply slow-release fertilizers.

Growing Carnations in Pots

To grow carnation plants, you need a mixture of light and dark soil, so you want to use two pots with one kind of soil in each pot. To do this, remove all the soil from the bottom half of one of the pots and put it in the bottom of the other. Then, fill each pot with a different mixture of soil and water until the soil level is even. This is one of the easiest ways to grow flowers indoors.


If you’ve been looking for a way to bring carnation into your life, we have the perfect solution. We don’t just want to show you a picture of flowers; we want to take you on a journey and show you how these fantastic flowers are cultivated, cared for, and come into bloom.

carnation - arrangement

So whether you love carnations or want to learn more about how they’ve grown, we hope you’ll join us on this flower journey.

Frequently Asked Questions.

What does a carnation symbolize?

A carnation is a symbol of beauty, love, and life. When it’s used as a flower, it is most commonly used as a gift. But, if you look around, you’ll see that even people who don’t like flowers love seeing a bouquet. If you think about the people in your life who mean the most to you, you’ll see the same thing: They give you flowers. Flowers represent love, care, and appreciation.

Are carnations the flower of death?

I have seen quite a few funerals in my life, and the only flower that seems to get more attention than the lily is the plant. Why is that? It doesn’t matter if you like carnations or not; they are an essential part of many cultures. Whether you want to show your support or make an impact, there are many ways to send your condolences and uniquely show your love.

What does it mean when someone gives you carnations?

There’s something adorable and personal about someone giving you flowers. It shows you that person is thinking of you and is trying to say, ‘I care about you and your feelings.’ For that reason, when I was younger, people gave me flowers as a gift, even if they knew I didn’t like the color or the scent. Nowadays, I’m more open-minded and enjoy getting flowers, but I also appreciate their sentiment. For that reason, I’ll gladly accept carnations.

What do carnations mean spiritually?

When I was growing up, I remember seeing my grandparents every week for a Sunday dinner. They had a tradition of taking us to the funeral home to pay our respects. One year we stopped by because we noticed that a family member had passed away. While there, we saw a bouquet of pink carnations.

At the time, I didn’t understand why the flowers were so unique, but I knew that they meant something. Finally, my grandfather explained that they were for the dead. And while he said that, a man who worked at the funeral home came over and explained that the pink carnations mean “forget me not” and were a symbol of the hope we had for the afterlife.

Are Carnations Perennial?

The answer is yes. These plants are perennial and can be cut back to two to four inches below ground each spring. Then, cut back to just above soil level after the blooms fade in the summer. These plants don’t need a lot of care once established. Maintaining them is to ensure that they receive enough sunlight and water to thrive.

Carnations flowers

Flowers make a great gift for any occasion, whether for a business meeting, birthday, anniversary, or just because; carnations are an excellent choice for Valentine’s Day since they are red, pink, white, or lavender. To add some fun and color to a room, they can be arranged in a vase or a glass bowl filled with water on top of a book or a magazine.

When do carnations bloom?

Carnations bloom early. They bloom just a little bit past the peak bloom time for roses. They flower in late spring and early summer. The only thing that blooms earlier in the pink carnation, which blooms simultaneously with roses. Because the rose is already in full bloom when the carnation blooms, it looks like a bright-pink version of the rose.

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